The information conveyed in these pages, with about the expected level of grace from an academic writing about his pernickety, obsessive specialty, is rich and deep. Until I had become aware of this book, I had my timelines mixed up, and was under the impression that the pyramids of the Mississippi River and surrounds were built by refuges of the collapse of the Mayan civilizations. The site was discovered during undertaken by Dr. That this game, Chunkey, probably replaced warfare for most farming societies, had teams from possibly every corner of the continent? He has published numerous professional papers, book chapters, additional books, and earned a Distinguished Service award from his department. Do you enjoy hearing about obscure and ancient mound building societies in the American South that you have likely never heard of? I was hoping to read more about Cahokia itself as it was, but it felt like more than half of the book was actually dedicated to the story of the archaeologists who uncovered various parts of it.
For example, an entire chapter is devoted to a game called chunkey that was very important socially, and likely used politically and religiously. I wanted something like a vivid recreation of the long-forgotten past. Moreover the impact of the Cahokia Culture across the central portion of the continent was remarkable. Many of these have contained additional artifacts. The game was played on an ultra smooth, ultra flat packed clay pavement. This is thought to have had symbolic associations to the builders in connection with their lunar maize goddess of the underworld. Clair and Madison Counties, Illinois.
This archaeology removes and documents cultural material before modern development destroys it. Their walls were set into trenches, but some post-wall and hybrid-wall forms are present. The author tells us that when Preston Holder was hired in the early 1950's as a professor in archaeology at Washington University in St. To a degree, this seems a natural style for a book like this because no one knows for certain what happened almost 1,000 years ago, and every decade or two, a theory is contradicted. At each of the Cahokia, East St.
In part, this is because archaeology in general has become a more powerful set of skills and tools for inferring from what is there, what was once there. The city gave rise to a new culture that spread across the plains; yet by 1400 it had been abandoned, leaving only the giant mounds as monuments and traces of its influence in tribes we know today. The massive plazas at Cahokia would have been an ideal setting, and large enough to accommodate all parts of Cahokian society. Have you ever wanted to hear about the details of human sacrifice on a nearly industrial scale? Woods notes that James B. Pauketat takes us through what is known, what is not known, and what was once believed but now ruled out.
Why did this city suddenly rise around the year 1054? It's nice to know about, I guess, but as a non-archaeologist I had a hard time visualizing the descriptions of the digs. Although it was home to only about 1,000 people before circa 1050, its population grew rapidly after that date. The game was played by rolling a disc-shaped chunky stone across the field. The remainder, the interesting tidbits, were fittingly, I guess buried between long stretches of the archaeologist narrative. Research Description Among the most enduring yet pressing social-scientific and humanistic concerns of great significance to the contemporary world is the relationship between belief and history. He is interested in investigating such questions as the emergence of the civilization.
America's first metropolis was built around sports tournaments, but what might have stood in for the grandstands and tailgates? Its showed that it was mainly built for defensive purposes. But most archaeologists agree that, at one point in the late 11th century C. How are religion, ontology, urbanism, materiality, affects, and power in the past related? It is also one of only 23. Archaeologists estimate the city's population at between 6,000 and 40,000 at its peak, with more people living in outlying farming villages that supplied the main urban center. Our founders passed down stories about terrorists and battles, fears of the frontiers, and desire to be well armed against the hostiles on the other side of the picket fence. We were founded by people still living closely with the original inhabitants.
That no different than today, people bet everything, even the shirts off their backs, on the game? Once a flourishing metropolis of 20,000 people in 1050, Cahokia had rotted away by 1400. It's hard to know much and impossible to know everything, but it's probably not too different from the bad sports spoiling our game of meeting the 'other teams' on the open fields between nations today. We can visualize games taking place at certain times of the year, in alignment with certain astronomical events. Yet not only does the evidence establish they did, the Cahokians even had a wooden calendar similar to Stonehenge, showing knowledge of astronomy. Physically discontinuous, but just across the Mississippi River, were 26 more mounds centered on a large plaza located within what is today St.
During this period, he published his first single-authored book, The Ascent of Chiefs: Cahokia and Mississippian Politics in Native North America 1994. The author seems to agree with the map theory, but in an attempt to be unbiased, he includes conflicting points of view without clearly expressing an opinion. The park covers 2,200 acres 890 ha , or about 3. He has also worked at outlying sites such as Halliday, Pfeffer, and Emerald in the uplands of the Mississippi valley. As the details mounted, my mind changed several times from positivity to negativity, from wishing I could visit and see this society running to being very, very gl This book was fascinating from cover to cover. If the highest population estimates are correct, Cahokia was larger than any subsequent city in the United States until the 1780s, when population grew beyond 40,000.