Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60 6 , 953-961. Educational Psychologist, 35 2 , 125-141. These studies attempt to estimate the value of a human life more generally by understanding how individuals trade off risk and money in making actual market decisions. An unknown portion of psychological injury victims go untreated. Participation in unstructured youth recreation centers and the development of antisocial behavior: Selection processes and the moderating role of deviant peers.
An examination of first and second generation immigrant offending trajectories. Sourcebook: Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile Offenders. Incentive-elicited brain activation in adolescents: Similarities and differences from young adults. We started from jury award data from Jury Verdict Research, which lists compensatory damage awards and medical care and productivity losses. The coming of the super-predators.
The effectiveness of correctional rehabilitation: A review of systematic reviews. It presents the sources of data for the conversion to quality-adjusted life years and the adjustment factors. This entry reviews the dominant theoretical paradigms that underlie national estimates of the cost of crime and reviews the empirical methodologies that have been employed in the extant literature. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46 11 , 1178-1190. Early methodologies were rudimentary but, over the past 30 years, methods have improved considerably, giving rise to a mature academic literature. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 101 21 , 8174-8179.
Crime and punishment: An economic approach. Contribution of gang membership to delinquency beyond delinquent friends. Victims not receiving needed treatment would experience higher psychological injury costs. New York: Oxford University Press. Archives of General Psychiatry, 66, 649-657. California Department of the Youth Authority. The Prison Litigation Reform Act.
Social Problems, 57 2 , 269-293. Youth recreation center participation and criminal offending: A 20-year longitudinal study of Swedish boys. Consider the example introduced previously involving a robbery. Diffusing research into practice using the Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile Offenders. Youth in prisons and training schools: Perceptions and consequences of the treatment-custody dichotomy. Meta-analytic examination of youth delinquency, family treatment, and recidivism.
Police suspicion and discretionary decision making during citizen stops. Testing communities that care: The rationale, design and behavioral baseline equivalence of the community youth development study. A social network study of the relation between petty crime and the intimacy of adolescent friendships. The intervention comprised four components. Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions. Graduated Sanctions for Juvenile Offenders: A Program Model and Planning Guide. When Schools Stay Open Late: The National Evaluation of the 21st Century Community Learning Centers Program: Final Report.
New York: Oxford University Press. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 31 2 , 166-182. Gene-environment Interactions in Developmental Psychopathology. Race in the news: Stereotypes, political campaigns, and market-based journalism. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 38 1 , 34-41.
Nearly one-third of crime survivors reported some physical injury. Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 45 8 , 789-793. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15 1 , 24-29. Crime and Delinquency, 52 1 , 178-200. Mental health issues among minority offenders in the juvenile justice system. Increasing the effectiveness of correctional programming through the risk principle: Identifying offenders for residential placement. Rather than waiting for the research base to develop, a complementary approach is presented using a case study from the Washington State Institute of Public Policy.
The impact of adhering to the principles of effective intervention. Prison Journal, 81 3 , 299-312. Tangible costs refer to costs that are easily monetized — for example, the value of stolen or damaged property, medical payments, and lost wages due to an injury. Affective and deliberative processes in risky choice: Age differences in risk taking in the Columbia Card Task. Developmental Review, 28 1 , 62-77.