Focuses on European philosophy of virtues. Zagzebski argues that we can do the same with a term such as 'virtuous person', as she believes we are more certain about our judgements of paradigmatically good people, such as Socrates, Jesus Christ, or the Buddha, than we are about theoretical terms used as the basis for an ethical theory. With entries written by leading contemporary scholars, the book covers the following thinkers: PlatoAristotleThe StoicsThomas AquinasDavid HumeImmanuel KantG. Mind Association Occasional Series, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. Series Title: Abstract: After 25 centuries, Aristotle's influence on our society's moral thinking remains profound and he continues to be a very important contributor to contemporary debates in philosophical ethics. Then it will follow that you should bring this about.
The terms used in relation to moral and character education are not fixed, and are sometimes used apparently in different senses, by different contributors, and for different purposes. Berges also explains how the character development of the central figures in response to the evils and challenges they must face contains valuable lessons for all of us about developing the virtues. The volume will appeal to a similarly broad audience interested in the relationship between science and society. Whether or not this picture is entirely fair either to Wittgensteinians or to non-Wittgensteinians, it is certainly true, and unfortunate, that Wittgenstein has been normalised by the academic system. While science has traditionally been viewed as incorporating intellectual virtues like honesty and precision of language, the contributors to this volume point to additional benefits, examining the idea that science can serve as a source of, and inspiration for, civic virtues--in the need to be well-informed about the way the world works, in tolerating the viewpoints of others, and in functioning as a fully global enterprise dedicated to the public good. Reflection on MacIntyre's profound and subtle political philosophy thus fails to dislodge liberalism from its contemporary intellectual supremacy—a supremacy which I think liberalism has well earned. Eco-Republic draws on ancient Greek thought--and Plato's Republic in particular--to put forward a new vision of citizenship that can make such a society a reality.
This collection showcases some of the best new writing on the Aristotelian notion of virtue of character, which remains central to much of the most interesting work in ethical theory. No one in contemporary philosophical ethics can afford to ignore Aristotle. Appears in Collections: Title: The Virtues and Vices of Virtue Jurisprudence Author s : Contact Email: r. Indeed, he argues that 'virtue ethics' is a term ill-suited to an Aristotelian approach, and that 'good-sense ethics' would more accurately convey the central place given to phronesis in Aristotle's ethics. It also appears when something that is important in our ethical reflection is sidelined, or simply ignored, in our moral theories. She is a member of the Scottish Episcopal Church, a Trustee of Affirming Evangelicals, and a Governor of The British Association for the Counselling Professions.
I shall suggest that this divergence tells against moral theory, and in favour of less constricted and more flexible modes of ethical reflection. This collection showcases some of the best new writing on the Aristotelian notion of virtue of character, which remains central to much of the most interesting work in ethical theory. Can Nietzsche be both a virtue ethicist and an existentialist? Among the updated research that elicits such critique is that which deals directly with effective pedagogy, clearly illustrating the enhanced effects on learning when it is dealt with as a holistic developmental enterprise rather than one concerned solely with content, technique and measurable outcomes. Versions of many chapters were originally presented at a conference organised by Chappell at the University of Dundee in 2004. Habituation as mimêsis, Hallvard Fossheim 6. I argue that this view confuses criteria for personhood with parts of an ideal of personhood. This research includes volumes of empirical evidence and conceptual analysis from across the globe that point to the inextricability of values as lying at the heart of those forms of good practice pedagogy that support and facilitate the species of student achievement that truly does transform the life chances of students.
The Hardboiled Detective as Moralist: Ethics in Crime Fiction. Manners, Morals, and Practical Wisdom; 11. So Act Consequentialism is useless. Hallvard Fossheim, in 'Habituation as Mimesis ', draws on Aristotle's Poetics to explain how we can become good by directing our natural instinct to imitate others towards role models. This pre-identification is typically based on biological features. We need a good criterion of what counts as the content of our intentional actions; I argue, again on Wittgensteinian grounds, that the best criterion comes not from foresight, nor from foresight plus.
Coope argues that much current work in virtue ethics is undisciplined and overly broad. Drawing implicitly on Anscombian absolutism, Coope also criticises what he sees as the marginalisation of justice in much contemporary virtue ethics. It seems a pity to begin the collection with a chapter written in such a caustic tone, and at more than twice the length of many others the chapter could have done with some pruning. I then add to this threefold analysis of knowledge a less familiar fourth variety, objectual knowledge, and suggest that this is also interesting and important in the understanding of Plato and Aristotle. Moral incompetence, Adam Morton 7. The present exploration of this idea is a case study of how far actual ethical reflection diverges from moral theory. Their essays demonstrate the continuing relevance of the history of moral philosophy to contemporary debates.
There are some well-known names in the field, along with some promising newcomers. Values Pedagogy and Student Achievement - Contemporary Research Evidence uncovers, explores and appraises those volumes of evidence and analysis, illustrating their pertinence to student achievement, the vexed issue that lies at the heart of all for which education stands. Author by : Pamela J. Summarising her recent work developing this approach, Zagzebski draws on the theory of direct reference, where a natural kind term such as water can be defined as 'whatever is the same liquid as that' said while pointing at water. Kant sees this way out of the paradox, and takes it. The excellence of courage, for example, is not possible without some pain or fear. So no one can know that any option has ever emerged from any range as the best option in that range.
This research indicates that the combination of values rich learning environments and values discourse that is, the holism of implicit and explicit pedagogy has potential for positive influence on learning outcomes, most markedly for those deemed likely to fail without such pedagogical intervention. Typical members of our society can often be made to see that their moral thought and action are, in crucia. Third, exemplarism could implausibly render redundant the question of whether a person of excellent character can ever act wrongly. Values and Virtues: Aristotelianism in Contemporary Ethics. If an aim is complex, then its different components make irreducibly different demands on the agent.
In 'Manners, Morals, and Practical Wisdom', Karen Stohr challenges the boundaries of the familiar distinction between ethics and etiquette, by arguing that having genuinely good manners should be considered a virtue in Aristotle's sense, and is an essential component of practical wisdom. The Virtues and Vices of Virtue Jurisprudence; 5. The defendant's fear and the action it prompted must be shown to be reasonable and not excessive responses to the duress, and regarding provocation, it must have been reasonable for the defendant to feel strong anger and to express this with physical violence in the face of the provocation the defendant did not, after all, display real vice in these circumstances. This book is intended to serve as a stimulating collection that will contribute to debate and reflection on the sustainable future of agriculture and food production in the face of global change. Given the implausibility of J. This book brings together a multidisciplinary group of authors exploring the ethical dimensions of climate change and food. In 'The Virtues and Vices of Virtue Jurisprudence', Antony Duff provides a qualified endorsement of virtue jurisprudence in the context of defences of duress and provocation in criminal law.